Research & Development

from Silicon to PV modules

To carry out its fundamental or applied research programmes Apollon Solar recruits, in France or further afield, highly qualified scientists, who have specialized in their academic and industrial careers in the various fields addressed by the company. The skills of the permanent staff are supplemented by input from outside experts acting as consultants for specific missions.


Silicon, first employed in the 1980s, is still the material most widely used by the photovoltaic industry. Over this period much R&D work has been done to find replacements, but silicon-based photovoltaic modules nevertheless enjoy a global market share ranging from 80% to 90%.
Apollon Solar is convinced that in the foreseeable future silicon will continue to play a predominant part as the key material for the PV industry, thanks to the potential for further reductions in costs linked to gains in the efficiency of PV cells and greater productivity.

Solar cells

Solar cells are the active components of a photovoltaic system. The efficiency with which a PV module converts solar radiation into electrical energy determines the maximum power output it delivers. Apollon Solar works on the development of innovative technical solutions to manufacture and characterize low-cost and and high-efficiency solar cells. By helping solar cell manufacturers to improve the efficiency of solar cells, we aim to enable drastic reduction in the cost per watt peak of photovoltaic systems.


Modules are still a key factor in the price of a photovoltaic system. Apollon Solar started its activities by focusing on modules, developing the NICE process described below. This in turn revealed the potential for many other developments yet to be realized, the ultimate aim being to turn modules into cost-effective, standardized products.